Sunday 1.14.2018 New York Times Digest


1. Inside One of America’s Last Pencil Factories

“In an era of infinite screens, the humble pencil feels revolutionarily direct: It does exactly what it does, when it does it, right in front of you. Pencils eschew digital jujitsu. They are pure analog, absolute presence. They help to rescue us from oblivion. Think of how many of our finest motions disappear, untracked — how many eye blinks and toe twitches and secret glances vanish into nothing. And yet when you hold a pencil, your quietest little hand-dances are mapped exactly, from the loops and slashes to the final dot at the very end of a sentence.”

2. In Some Countries, Facebook’s Fiddling Has Magnified Fake News

“As Facebook updates and tweaks its service in order to keep users glued to their screens, countries like Bolivia are ideal testing grounds thanks to their growing, internet-savvy populations. But these changes can have significant consequences, like limiting the audience for nongovernmental news sources and — surprisingly — amplifying the impact of fabricated and sensational stories.”

3. As Labor Pool Shrinks, Prison Time Is Less of a Hiring Hurdle

“In Dane County, Wis., where the unemployment rate was just 2 percent in November, demand for workers has grown so intense that manufacturers are taking their recruiting a step further: hiring inmates at full wages to work in factories even while they serve their prison sentences.”

4. Mr. Amazon Steps Out

“You’re going to get a lot of scrutiny if you’re disrupting other people’s livelihoods.”

5. Is the Answer to Phone Addiction a Worse Phone?

“I’ve been gray for a couple days, and it’s remarkable how well it has eased my twitchy phone checking, suggesting that one way to break phone attachment may be to, essentially, make my phone a little worse. We’re simple animals, excited by bright colors, it turns out.”

6. Guess Who’s Coming to ‘Peanuts’

“Dr. King’s assassination, on April 4, 1968, played a direct role in Franklin’s creation.”

7. The Women the Abortion War Leaves Out

“If anti-abortion campaigners truly want to decrease the numbers of abortions, rather than passing laws designed to drive up the costs of abortion, they would do far better to invest in the kinds of economic supports that make becoming a parent a realistic possibility for struggling women.”

8. Keep Our Mountains Free. And Dangerous.

“Where, and when, can we take life-threatening risk?”

9. The Secret to a Happy Marriage Is Knowing How to Fight

“We’ve made love and marriage into such an ideal that people are afraid to consider, at the outset, just how stressful it can get.”

10. The Delicate Politics of Chasing Owls

“While birders prize owls, the ethical ones also abet the species’ secretive natures with their own code of silence, an owl ‘omertà.’ Many people will not share the specifics of an owl’s location or will do so only in whispers.”

11. Can Your Hip Replacement Kill You?

“Medical interventions are now the third-leading cause of death in the United States, and devices play an increasing role in that statistic.”

12. Tonya Harding Would Like Her Apology Now

“If it had worked out, we would say she was the manifestation of the American dream. Now instead we just say she’s very American.”

13. Everyone Is Getting Hilariously Rich and You’re Not

“He drew a chart to explain the crypto community: 20 percent for ideology, 60 percent for the tech and 100 percent for the money, he said, drawing a circle around it all.”

14. Outing Death

“That message is chilling, for sure. But for me, at the outset at least, it was bracing, an invitation more compelling than any raft of resolutions to seize the moment and run with it.”

15. Some Assembly Required

“‘Craeft’ is nearly untranslatable, ‘a form of knowledge, not just a knowledge of making but a knowledge of being.’ It combines in some ineffable way skill, intelligence and virtue.”

16. The Genius Is a Madman

“The genius is a madman; the savior is a betrayer; the populist is an aristocrat; the intellectual and artistic hero is a coward and a faker; the innovator is a reactionary; the artist is a politician; the legislator is an inmate. The contradictions multiply until they seem to describe something larger than any one man.”

17. The Poet of Light

“A poet who feeds on pathologies eventually becomes their food. But the issue is larger than that. A culture, too, is a work of imagination, or a failure of it. We are meant to be in a golden age of the television drama, and perhaps we are. But just consider how thoroughly so many of these shows equate misery with authenticity, and how many rely on violence and degradation (usually toward women) to establish character and intensity. And now consider the broader culture we have found ourselves in for the past year or so. Does it not seem as if reality has begun to take on whims and powers of its own?”

18. Learning to Fool Our Algorithmic Spies

“Maybe knowing that we’re being monitored by judgmental algorithms could affect our behavior, too. If this is the case — if awareness of mechanical all-seeing eyes changes how we see and comport ourselves — then, well, how?”

19. Why Are Our Most Important Teachers Paid the Least?

“The earliest years are a period of intense and rapid neural development — M.R.I. studies suggest that 80 percent of all neural connections form by age 3 — and that a child’s ability to capitalize on these years is directly related to her environment.”


Sunday 1.7.2018 New York Times Digest


1. How U.S. Intelligence Agencies Underestimated North Korea

“The C.I.A. and other American intelligence services had predicted this moment would come, eventually. For decades, they accurately projected the broad trajectory of North Korea’s nuclear program. Yet their inability to foresee the North’s rapid strides over the past several months now ranks among America’s most significant intelligence failures.”

2. As Low-Power Local Radio Rises, Tiny Voices Become a Collective Shout

“You want weird? Just turn the dial.”

3. The Struggling Artist at 86

“Every day without fail, he continues to put pencil to paper with such single-minded focus that he doesn’t see his own career arc, or plan for the future.”

4. The Alt-Right’s Asian Fetish

“‘Exclusively’ dating Asian women is practically a ‘white-nationalist rite of passage.’”

5. Is Your Child Lying to You? That’s Good

“Lying is not only normal; it’s also a sign of intelligence.”

6. We Are What We Read

“Storytelling is as human as breathing.”

7. Daniel Mendelsohn: By the Book

“Immaculate syntax is the best delivery vehicle for devastating irony.”

8. This Cat Sensed Death. What if Computers Could, Too?.

“What if an algorithm could predict death?”

9. Can an Algorithm Tell When Kids Are in Danger?

“Ostensibly, the algorithms are designed to avoid the faults of human judgment. But what if the data they work with are already fundamentally biased?”

10. The Case for the Subway

“Before the subway, it was by no means a foregone conclusion that New York would become the greatest city on earth. Hundreds of thousands of immigrants fleeing poverty and persecution were arriving on its doorstep every year, but most of them were effectively marooned, herded into dark, squalid tenements in disease-ridden slums. The five boroughs had recently been joined as one city, but the farms and villages of Brooklyn, the Bronx and Queens might as well have been on the other side of the planet from Manhattan’s teeming streets. Bound up in the fate of the city were even larger questions: Would America be able to manage the transition from the individualism and insularity that defined its 19th-century frontiers to the creative collaboration and competition of its fast-growing urban centers? Could it adapt and excel in this rapidly changing world? Were cities the past or the future of civilization? And then came the subway: hundreds of miles of track shooting out in every direction, carrying millions of immigrants out of the ghettos and into newly built homes, tying together the modern city and enabling it to become a place where anything was possible.”

11. Where Pot Entrepreneurs Go When the Banks Just Say No

“In most of the 22 states that, along with Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico, have legal marijuana markets, cash is not simply king; it is all-consuming.”

12. Masha Gessen Is Worried About Outrage Fatigue

“A people robbed of the tools of self-understanding find themselves at a dead end.”


Creative Idleness

Brunello Cucinelli, billionaire sweater maker/philosopher, on the importance of creative idleness in the December 2017/January 2018 issue of Esquire.

Brunello Cucinelli

Sunday 12.31.2017 New York Times Digest


1. The Only Way to Keep Your Resolutions

“We too often think about self-improvement and the pursuit of our goals in bracing, self-flagellating terms: I will do better, I will muscle through, I will wake up earlier. But it doesn’t need to be that way, and it shouldn’t: Self-control isn’t about feeling miserable.”

2. Want to Be Happy? Think Like an Old Person

“As people’s minds and bodies decline, instead of feeling worse about their lives, they feel better.”

3. Using the Airbnb Model to Protect the Environment

“Much as homeowners can use Airbnb and other services to turn their living space into pop-up hotels when demand warrants it, conservationists are creating ‘pop-up nature reserves’ on idle land.”

4. The Patriarchy Isn’t Going Anywhere

“The patriarchy is bigger than the patriarch.”

5. Dad Believed in U.F.O.s. He Wasn’t Alone.

“I can hear what he would have said, there at the veterans’ home, his broken vessel of a body in a wheelchair but his mind as quick and bright as a shooting star. ‘I’ve been saying it for years,’ he’d assert, followed by a choice epithet he reserved for government officials, followed by, ‘I knew it.’ Then, a satisfying drag on a cigarette.”

6. Is It Too Late to Follow My Dreams?

“There is no age limit to finding artistic success.”

7. America, Can We Talk About Your Drinking?

“Many alcohol researchers and substance-use clinicians believe the steady increase in problem drinking arises from a deeply felt sense of despair.”

8. A D.J. Could Save Your Life Tonight

“Good D.J.s are extraordinary artists, and great D.J.s are transcendent magicians. The art requires extensive musical knowledge. It demands technical know-how. It turns one into a psychologist and reader of moods in order to gauge the whims of a dance floor. And it insists that you spend days, weeks and years learning how to mix flawlessly. That is the core of a D.J.’s magic. The ability to blend, to weave two songs together and seamlessly connect them in a way that continues the narrative you’re spinning on this night.”

9. Your Mother’s Maiden Name Is Not a Secret

“Security questions are astonishingly insecure: The answers to many of them are easily researched or guessed, yet they can be the sole barrier to someone gaining access to your account.”

10. How We Know It Was Climate Change

“There is now ample evidence that global warming has influenced extremes in the United States and around the world through such factors as temperature, atmospheric moisture and sea level. This doesn’t mean that every event has a human fingerprint. But it does mean that we can expect more years like this one, when our old expectations no longer apply.”

11. The College Sports Tax Dodge

“Student-athletes have always been considered unpaid amateurs engaging in extracurricular activities rather than profitable professions. So college sports is deemed part of the educational mission of schools and exempt from income taxes.”

12. An Antidote to Digital Dehumanization? Live Theater

“The theater is an art form scaled to the human, and stubbornly so, relying on the absolute necessity of physical audience, a large part of why theater is so difficult to monetize. It only happens when and where it happens. Once it starts, you can’t stop it. It doesn’t exist to be paused or pulled out at the consumer’s whim. It can’t be copied and sold. In a world increasingly lost to virtuality and unreality — the theater points to an antidote.”

13. How They Created ‘Phantom Thread’

“There’s no strangeness you can imagine that is more strange than the lives of apparently conventional people behind closed doors.”

14. Free Your Mind? ‘Black Mirror’ Isn’t Too Hopeful

“His target isn’t technology per se. Rather, the series assumes that people — enough people anyway — will look at any new device the way a terrorist looks at a truck or a boxcutter, with an eye toward the damage they can do with it.”

15. Why Every Pop Star Wants a Piece of Starrah

“I like my privacy.”

16. Black Gold

“There may be no factor more influential in contemporary geopolitics and yet least understood by journalists and policymakers than the energy revolution, which is less about renewables like wind and solar power than about how the oil and gas sector itself is changing.”

17. Are the American West’s Wildfires Inevitable?

“Today’s forests are often clogged with desiccated vegetation because — unlike in countless millenniums past — they are seldom cleansed by naturally occurring blazes. With such an abundance of fuel to feast on, wildfires like those currently raging in California have become increasingly ruinous and intense.”

18. Planned Obsolescence

“The technological micromoment has become a constant pitfall for authors as our emotional life migrates to platforms with ever-changing protocols and social rites.”

19. Unplanned Obsolescence

“As his thumbs danced over the tiny screen, I realized that ‘all thumbs’ cannot much longer mean clumsy with one’s hands. And I realized how much I’m going to miss it. It has always seemed to me a way of noting a deficit without being vicious about it — a description of the bumbling sitcom dad who tries to fiddle with a circuit breaker and plunges the entire house into darkness. But how can that man be labeled all thumbs if the teenager sitting across from me can use his thumbs on his smartphone fast enough to take dictation from a cattle auctioneer?”

20. We Aren’t Destroying the Earth

“People spreading out across the globe and building international trade networks have reunited the continents in a kind of virtual supercontinent, mixing plant, animal, microbe and fungal species in a way unseen since Pangaea, more than 200 million years ago.”


Sunday 12.24.2017 New York Times Digest


1. Letter of Recommendation: ‘Passport to Your National Parks’

“Lately, my America has felt too vast and fragmented, and fixating on regional curiosities like state-fair butter sculptures and St. Paul sandwiches only exacerbates this crisis of faith. I’ve been searching for new ways to keep liking this country, meaningful ways that don’t feel like work.”

2. In an Era of Online Outrage, Do Sensitivity Readers Result in Better Books, or Censorship?

“In today’s hair-trigger, hyperreactive social media landscape, where a tweet can set off a cascade of outrage and prompt calls for a book’s cancellation, children’s book authors and publishers are taking precautions to identify potential pitfalls in a novel’s premise or execution. Many are turning to sensitivity readers, who provide feedback on issues like race, religion, gender, sexuality, chronic illness and physical disabilities. The role that readers play in shaping children’s books has become a flash point in a fractious debate about diversity, cultural appropriation and representation, with some arguing that the reliance on sensitivity readers amounts to censorship.”

3. What Happens When the Richest U.S. Cities Turn to the World?

“What happens to America’s manufacturing heartland when Silicon Valley turns to China? Where do former mill and mining towns fit in when big cities shift to digital work? How does upstate New York benefit when New York City increases business with Tokyo?”

4. Get Me to a Nunnery

“There is something powerful about being in the presence of faith when you yourself are doubting.”

5. Flying Saucers and Other Fairy Tales

“Our alien encounters, whether real or imaginary, are the same kind of thing as the fairy encounters of the human past — part of an enduring phenomenon whose interpretations shift but whose essentials are consistent, featuring the same abductions and flying crafts and lights and tricks with crops and animals and time and space, the same shape-shifting humanoids and sexual experiments and dangerous gifts and mysterious intentions.”

6. Pop Music in 2017: Glum and Glummer

“Rhythm tracks are just as often hollowed-out and sporadic, with a beat that’s inferred rather than spelled out; kick drums arrive as eruptions rather than foundations. Often, percussion sounds are spattered intermittently around a bass line, or they tick steadily like a suspense-film soundtrack — more haunted house than dance floor.”

7. Who Wants to Buy the Most Expensive House in America?

“Asked why, Mr. Niami shrugged, looking slightly baffled by the line of questioning. ‘Because it’s cool,’ he said.”

8. Yes Me Can

“‘Me’ has expanded, inverted, politicized; at this moment in history, it is suddenly, bracingly synonymous with ‘we.’”

9. Instagram Is Now a Dating Platform, Too. Here’s How It Works.

“After my ex-boyfriend and I broke up, he started liking a lot of my stuff and watching all of my Stories. He would DM me, he would send me memes. And I sort of knew he was trying to get my attention.”

10. Close Reading

“What happens when a leading Catholic intellectual reads the Quran?”

11. Worlds of Wonders

“The move from Egyptian papyrus to locally prepared animal skins after the fall of the Roman Empire changed the shape of books from square to rectangular: ‘most mammals,’ after all, ‘are oblong.’”

12. Jordan Peele’s X-Ray Vision

“Peele developed a tone, other than hysteria, to present the black experience of discomfort in seemingly benign white worlds and the way their residents chronically deny the reality of that experience. Peele takes that reality as a given, but he is amplifying the paranoia that results from its constant denial. It’s a movie made by a person having the same bad dream I and lots of other black people have had.”

13. How to Escape a Burning Building

“Don’t prolong it.”


Sunday 12.17.2017 New York Times Digest


1. At the Solstice, in Praise of Darkness

“However we may celebrate the return of light to our skies and lives, she continued, we might also wish to pause to honor the darkness that will give way to it.”

2. The Pentagon’s Mysterious U.F.O. Program

“We’re sort of in the position of what would happen if you gave Leonardo da Vinci a garage-door opener.”

3. How a President’s Name Became a Racial Jeer

“Across the country, students have used the president’s name to mock or goad minority opponents at sporting events.”

4. Google Thinks I’m Dead

“When an acquaintance said she was alarmed to read that I had passed away, it seemed like an error worth correcting. And so began the quest to convince someone at Google that I am alive.”

5. Asked About Retiring, They Have a Simple Answer: Why?

“The Bureau of Labor Statistics says the labor force participation rate for those 75 and older rose from 6.4 percent in 2006 to 8.4 percent in 2016 and is likely to reach 10.8 percent by 2026.”

6. America’s New Religion: Fox Evangelicalism

“The nationalistic, race-baiting, fear-mongering form of politics enthusiastically practiced by Mr. Trump and Roy Moore in Alabama is central to a new strain of American evangelicalism. This emerging religious worldview — let’s call it ‘Fox evangelicalism’ — is preached from the pulpits of conservative media outlets like Fox News. It imbues secular practices like shopping for gifts with religious significance and declares sacred something as worldly and profane as gun culture.”

7. Earthlings, Unite: Let’s Go to Mars

“I think we should plan to go to Mars because it would be a healthy sign that we, as a civilization, are still planning for a future — that we intend to live. Because right now, frankly, we’re not acting as though we do. We’re acting more the way a friend of mine did in the last year of his life: letting the mail pile up unopened, heaping garbage in the house, littering the floor with detritus, no longer bothering to turn over the calendar pages. He’d clearly decided, on some level, to die.”

8. My Year of No Shopping

“The trick of no shopping isn’t just that you don’t buy things. You don’t shop. That means no trawling the sale section of the J. Crew website in idle moments. It means the catalogs go into the recycle bin unopened on the theory that if I don’t see it, I don’t want it.”

9. When Saying ‘Yes’ Is Easier Than Saying ‘No’

“There are other names for this kind of sex: gray zone sex, in reference to that murky gray area of consent; begrudgingly consensual sex, because, you know, you don’t really want to do it but it’s probably easier to just get it over with; lukewarm sex, because you’re kind of ‘meh’ about it; and, of course, bad sex, where the ‘bad’ refers not to the perceived pleasure of it, but to the way you feel in the aftermath.”

10. Gift-Giving Tips From Scientists

“The appeal of well-wrapped, worthless gifts is nearly universal, and even goes beyond Homo sapiens. Early this year in the journal BMC Evolutionary Biology, researchers showed that some male spiders … give food gifts to prospective mates that are nutritionally worthless but wrapped ornately in the silk produced by their bodies. Imagine giving your beloved a chicken nugget meticulously wrapped in beautiful fabric, and you get the idea. Apparently for spiders, as for humans, it’s the wrapping that counts, because the worthlessness of the gift inside did not affect the receptivity of the female.”

11. Jason Segel: By the Book

“I read very slowly and methodically on paper. I have heard that reading a physical book is better for retention as it engages the spatial part of your brain, which a tablet does not: ‘This thing happened around this far into the book.’ You don’t get that on a tablet as everything is on the same page. Apparently our spatial memory is our most developed due to old evolutionary necessity. You had to remember how to get back home.”

12. The Most Popular Poets in the World

“Fights about artistic tastes are nearly always about submerged social hostilities — putting down the audiences as much as the artists.”

13. The Odd, Otherwordly Glow of Fred Herzog’s Photography

“If this is rush hour, where’s the traffic?”

14. Seven Women Discuss Work, Fairness, Sex and Ambition

“Why is this all happening now?”


Sunday 12.10.2017 New York Times Digest


1. The Return of the Techno-Moral Panic

“In the absence of coherent critiques, and in the context of a stunningly rapid adoption of smartphones, a righteously defensive posturing about the social consequences of tech went mainstream. Critics were easily dismissed as Luddites, unable to see the future through a misplaced nostalgia for the past. This assumption was frequently vindicated and started to feel a lot like wisdom. As the world truly moved online, abstract fears were repeatedly met with, and answered by, specific, irresistible and unthreatening products and experiences.”

2. The President vs. the Presidency

“People close to him estimate that Mr. Trump spends at least four hours a day, and sometimes as much as twice that, in front of a television.”

3. With 2020 Census Looming, Worries About Fairness and Accuracy

“For the first time, it will be conducted largely online instead of by mail.”

4. Tax Plans May Give Your Co-Worker a Better Deal Than You

“For the first time since the United States adopted an income tax, a higher rate would be applied to employee wages and salaries than to income earned by proprietors, partnerships and closely held corporations.”

5. Golden State Warriors’ Go-to Guy Doesn’t Play a Minute

“Housen knows his players’ habits and daily rhythms. He knows, for example, that Thompson will wear the same socks until he puts holes in them, so Housen will preemptively swap them out. He knows that Nick Young wants the insoles removed from his sneakers. He knows that JaVale McGee has the largest feet on the team (size 19). He knows that Curry has a shoe calendar — yes, a shoe calendar, to tell him what sneakers to wear for which game — and Housen knows that because Under Armour sends it straight to him. He knows that some of the players have discriminating taste when it comes to bottled water, so he stocks the refrigerator in the visiting locker room with three or four brands. He knows that if Ron Adams, the longtime assistant, indulges in an occasional beer on the plane, he likes Peroni. But Housen also knows that Coach Steve Kerr prefers Modelo Especial. He knows which players want hotel rooms away from the elevators. He knows that McGee is a vegetarian and that Curry avoids gluten. He knows that Zaza Pachulia likes to change into a fresh jersey at halftime. And he knows that Pachulia does not like to leave the arena with damp hair. ‘He’s the only guy I’ve ever had who uses a blow dryer,’ Housen said.”

6. How the Fingerling Caught On (Robot Grip and All) as 2017’s Hot Toy

“How the Fingerling reached this tipping point — when suddenly millions of children cannot do without a $15 farting monkey — is the story of a promising idea’s going viral on social media, a large retailer’s savvy pricing strategy and the science of managing scarcity.”

7. Alexa, Stop Listening! Hey Google, You Too.

“Last month, some Google Home Mini units were found to be recording conversations all the time, not just when users were interacting with it. And over the summer, a hacker showed that an Echo could effectively be turned into a wiretap, though that required physical contact with the device itself. A Bluetooth flaw was also found to be putting both devices at risk of remote hacking.”

8. Should Doctors Ignore Race?

“Rather than relying on race, doctors should focus on the genes important to whatever puzzle they face — an approach often called ‘precision’ or ‘personalized’ medicine. The idea is that tailoring treatment to the patient’s genotype, not to skin color or hair texture, would improve outcomes.”

9. Doom Season in Los Angeles

“Every year, California’s fire season gets a little longer.”

10. The Importance of Dumb Mistakes in College

“Because for all of the supposed liberating power of their digital devices, they might as well be wearing ankle monitors. Technological connectedness has made it much harder for them to make mistakes and learn from them.”

11. How Americans Fell for Korean Beauty

“In the last six years, Korean cosmetics in the United States have gone from nonexistent to almost mainstream.”

12. For Veterans, a Path to Healing ‘Moral Injury’

“The focus for those who suffer from moral injury (and those who care for them) should shift from forgiveness to creative deeds of atonement. Some veterans’ organizations provide such opportunities, even if they don’t adopt this language explicitly.”

13. DNA Tattoos Are the Final Frontier of Love

“Everence is a powdery substance synthesized from a sample of DNA, something as simple as a few thousand cells from a swab of a person’s inner cheek, or from cremated ashes. A small vial of Everence can be brought to a tattoo artist and added to any type of inks.”

14. Kevin Young’s Enthralling, Essential History of the Hoax

“The hoax is like an art that dulls our sense of reality, rather than sharpening it.”

15. The Ku Klux Klan’s Surprising History

“The second Klan was national in scope, with a surprisingly small footprint in the South — its highest per-capita state memberships were in Indiana and Oregon. In New Jersey, Klansmen burned a cross in the black section of Metuchen, today a liberal commuter suburb of New York. The Klan was so powerful in Southern California that it nicknamed Anaheim ‘Klanaheim.’ Its main focus was, as always, on spreading hatred against blacks, Jews and Catholics, but its agenda always fit the local context: In the Southwest, it turned its ire on Hispanics and Latino immigrants; in the Pacific Northwest, it took aim at Japanese.”

16. Letter of Recommendation: iNaturalist

“Learning the names of wild things changes the way we look at nature and the way we think about it.”

17. How to Have Fewer Regrets

“People identify regret as the second most common emotional state, after love.”

18. The Takedown of Title IX

“With funding from right-wing donors like the Charles Koch Institute, FIRE has often aligned with conservative sensibilities. But a number of academics and lawyers, among them a group of feminist Harvard law professors (including Gertner) who released a public letter in August calling for reform, have cited reasons Title IX policies should concern progressives, too: that overly broad definitions of misconduct, encompassing most drunken encounters, threaten to erode distinctions between consensual and nonconsensual sex; that anecdotal evidence (there’s little hard data available) suggests men of color are disproportionately punished; that a conservative administration could co-opt the campus-rape debate to further its own aims; or that perceptions of bias could trigger a backlash casting women as liars.”